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Industrial Uses of Salt

A variety of materials, each of which is used in the production of many products, are produced by different treatments, or processing, of rock salt or salt brine. Following are a few of the most important:
LIQUID SODIUM - in more recent years, used as the coolant, or heat exchanger, an essential element in the nuclear process.
METALLIC SODIUM - used in making brass and bronze; sodium cyanide, in turn, used in making case-hardened steel and fumigating materials, in indigo and other synthetic dyes.
CHLORINE - used primarily in producing polymers that are used in manufacture of plastics, synthetic fibers and synthetic rubber; also used in crude oil refining, for making pesticides; in household bleach, water treatment and sewage treatment.
CAUSTIC SODA - an element used in making glass, rayon, polyester and other synthetic fibers, plastics, soaps and detergents.
SODIUM SULFATE - used extensively in the manufacture of pulp and paper, dyes and ceramic glazes.
SODIUM CARBONATE - used in manufacture of glass, pulp and paper, and rayon.
HYDROCHLORIC ACID - used in making synthetic rubber and in cleaning gas and oil wells.
SODIUM BICARBONATE - used in textile manufacturing, processing leather, making glass and neutralizing acids.
SODIUM NITRATE - an ingredient in fertilizers and explosives.

Other Industries

Salt is used to fix and standardise dye batches in the textile industry; it is used in metal processing and secondary aluminium making, to remove impurities; rubber manufacturers use salt to separate rubber from latex; salt is used as a filler and grinding agent in pigment and dry-detergent processes; ceramics manufacturers use salt for vitrifying the surface of heated clays; soap makers separate soap from water and glycerol with salt; oil and gas drillers use salt in well drilling muds to inhibit fermentation, increase density and to stabilize drilling in rock salt formations; hide processors and leather tanners use salt to cure, preserve and tan hides; and there are more.

Water Softener

Water is considered hard when it contains calcium and magnesium (hardness ions). Hard water requires more soap and detergent for laundering, cleaning and bathing because suds do not form as well in hard water. The reaction between soap and hard water results in a greasy, curd-like deposit which makes fabrics feel harsh and leaves water spots on dishes and utensils. Mineral scale builds up in hot water appliances and industrial boilers, reducing energy efficiency and shortening appliance and equipment life. Water is conditioned or softened by removing the calcium and magnesium ions from hard water and replacing them with "soft" sodium ions. Water softeners use cation exchange resin to exchange sodium for calcium and magnesium. As supply water flows through the resin bed, the exchange takes place and the water becomes soft. Water softener cation exchange resins are regenerated with a 10% salt brine solution made by dissolving water softener salt.

Pulp & Paper

Salt is used to manufacture chlorine and caustic soda. In paper making, caustic soda is used to process wood fibers and chlorine is used to bleach the pulp. Sodium chlorate, also made from salt, is replacing chlorine as the primary chemical for bleaching pulp.

Salt for Animal Nutrition

Livestock, poultry and other animals do not always receive adequate amounts of sodium and chloride from forages and other feeds. They need supplemental salt as part of a nutritionally balanced diet to remain healthy, disease free, and to achieve optimum growth and reproduction rates. Because animals have a natural, definitive appetite for salt - they will eat only a certain amount - it is used to ensure adequate intake of less palatable nutrients and as a means of limiting feed intake. Salt can be mixed with feed or fed free-choice, and is an excellent carrier for trace minerals, It is produced plain or as trace mineralized salt, in 50 lb blocks, smaller spools, and as loose salt, commonly known as mixing salt.

Salt for Human Nutrition

All animals, humans included, require both sodium and chloride for life and health. Since the body cannot manufacture either, they are "essential" nutrients. While developed countries dedicate most of their salt to chemical production, developing countries often use most of their salt for human and animal nutrition.

Uses of Salt

Salt has more than 14,000 known uses.

Chemical Feedstock

The greatest single use for salt is as a feedstock for the production of chemicals. The chlor-alkali industry uses salt, primarily as salt in brine from captive brine wells, to produce chlorine and caustic soda. Demand for salt in to produce chemicals fell from 25 million metric tons in 1974 to a low of 16.7 million metric tons in 1992. However, chemical use rebounded in 1994 to 18.4 million metric tons. Much of the decreased demand for chlorine was attributed to environmental concerns about dioxins. Salt is also used to make sodium chlorate and metallic sodium by electrolysis and, sodium sulfate and hydrochloric acid by reacting with sulfuric acid.

 

“The Wonderful Beauty of Salt Mines Around The Globe”

Salt, a necessary element for all animal life, is abundant here on Earth and also underground. But it still requires extraction from stone deposits or salty waters in different regions. The process of mining salt produces multicolored pools of water, beautiful perspectives of stable, deep caves, and geometric carvings. Some of these locations have even become tourist destinations, serving as concert halls, museums, and health spas touting the benefits of Salt-therapy. There are a few collected images of underground salt mines across the world:

“The Wonderful Beauty of Salt Mines Around The Globe”

salt Mine

“According to Reviews, Reduction in Salt Lowers Blood Pressure and CVD (Cardiovascular disease)!”

Salt consumption has long been shown to have a negative impact on health, with studies of various types consistently showing a high dietary salt intake is the major cause of raised blood pressure. Raised blood pressure can lead to CVD (including strokes and heart failure), which is the leading cause of death and disability worldwide. A high salt diet is also linked to a number of other conditions, such as osteoporosis, stomach cancer and kidney disease, with new evidence on the harmful effects of salt emerging all the time. Salt reduction has been identified as a cost effective measure to reduce NCDs for both developed and developing countries. The UK was once leading the world with an effective strategy to reduce salt, which led to a reduction in population salt intakes and consequently a fall in average blood pressure and fewer deaths from heart attacks, heart failure and stroke. The UK was once leading the world on salt reduction, which was shown to be the most cost-effective public health program. Indeed, up to 2011, the UK salt reduction program had already saved 18,000 strokes and heart attacks per year, 9,000 of which were fatal, with £1.5 billion a year in NHS healthcare saving costs, according to NICE. In 2016, PHE assumed responsibility for UK salt reduction, however there has been little action so far, with no progress report on whether the last set of salt targets (due to be met by the end of 2017) have been reached, nor any plans to set new targets. Every 1g reduction in salt intake prevents 7,000 deaths, 4,000 of which are premature, from strokes and heart disease. Source: http://worldactiononsalt.com/news/salt-in-the-news/2016

More information

SALT – Life’s most essential mineral It is well known that since the beginning of time, salt has been a critical part of man’s life. It has influenced the location of nations and cities; it has been the cause of wars; it has given rise to a number of superstitions and religious beliefs; and, together with air and water, it has formed one of the three foremost ingredients to sustain human life. At Iran Salt we are proud of the role we perform- and will continue with in harvesting salt from the pristine waters of the Qom salt lake , then refining and delivering it safely to a range of diverse industries and destinations around the world. Our work really does make a difference for the betterment of mankind. Our Purpose We are entrusted to supply the world’s most essential mineral, enhancing life for every person every day because. They were but another challenge to the ingenuity of a man who said: “I am doing this because I believe it is worth doing and I have the chance to do it.” There are three kinds of salts available in IRAN : Sea Salt (Solar Salt) Lake Salt Rock Salt S E A S A L T (SOLAR SALT) Sea Salt production by solar evaporation is the oldest man-devised method of obtaining salt from the sea water and dates back to several thousand years. Historically also called bay salt or solar salt, its mineral content gives it a different taste from table salt, which is pure sodium chloride usually refined from mined rock salt (halite) or from raw sea salt. Ancient Sea Salt production was done by trapping sea water in shallow pans or ponds and letting the water evaporate from the ponds over a period of a few weeks depending on weather conditions, leaving salt behind which was the collected manually. This method of sea salt production is still in place even today in the modern ages and there are several sites worldwide that produce millions of tons of salt every year using the simple and basic method devised by man in ancient times. Some major areas producing sea salt include The Cayman Islands, Colombia, Greece, France, Italy, Iran, Ireland, Italy (Sicily, Apulia), South Korea, United Kingdom (Maldon , Essex), United Sates (Hawaii, Maine, Utah, San Francisco Bay and Cape Cod), Canada (Nova Scotia, British Columbia), Philippines and Japan. Sea Salt is the smallest source of salt production in Iran with only 7 salt works operating solar salt pans producing a combined volume of less than 2000 tons per day. The 7 different producers of sea salt are based in the cosmopolitan city of Qom which has an excellent sea shore off the salt Sea and has very fast winds almost all year around. All these 7 producers differ in quality of salt from each other, depending on their professional skills and Experiences in sea salt production. The best quality sea salt found in Iran is as good as 98% pure NaCI— normally the quality varies between 95% — 98% NaCI content, depending on the season and individual factory management. Average rainfall being very low in and around the city of Garmsar , coupled with the warm and sunny weather almost all through the year makes good production of sea salt ideal in this region. THE BEST QUALITY OF SEA SALT FOUND IN Iran IS AS GOOD AS 98% PURE NACL. Benefits of Sea Salt: Keeps you hydrated Reduces fluid retention Prevents muscle cramps Balances electrolytes Good for skin health Nourishes adrenal glands Boosts metabolism and digestion Regulates blood pressure Treats psoriasis Sea Salt Used for Teeth Whitener Oil-Sapping Toner Relaxing Salt Bath Natural Mouth Wash Nail Brightening Treatment Sea salt is a salt produced from the evaporation of seawater, rather than by being extracted from sedimentary deposits. It’s a natural resource which we get directly from the sea without refining it. Sea salt is produced through evaporation of ocean water or water from saltwater lakes, usually with little processing. Depending on the water source, this leaves behind certain trace minerals and elements. The minerals add flavor and color to sea salt, which also comes in a variety of coarseness levels. The health benefits of sea salt include good skin care, improved dental health, relief from rheumatoid arthritis, muscle cramps, psoriasis, and osteoarthritis. It also helps in providing relief from acne and rhinosinusitis. Furthermore, it is beneficial for exfoliation, nasal and eye wash, and an improved electrolytic balance of the body. It has healing properties that play a vital role in maintaining acid-alkali ratio, regular heartbeat, and relaxed sleep, along with providing relief from general body fatigue. Sea salt bath also helps in improving the skin barrier function and eliminates the roughness and inflammation on the skin’s surface. Sea salt has another use in the cosmetic industry in the manufacturing of scrubs and other skin care products like antiperspirants and deodorants. Exfoliation with sea salts helps to remove dead skin particles Sea salts contain sulphur which helps in cleansing and the treatment of skin conditions like dermatitis and acne scars. How to use: Balancing Mask: Mix two teaspoons sea salt (preferably finely ground) with four teaspoons raw honey to create a spreadable paste. Apply evenly to clean, dry skin. Leave for 15-20 mins and rinse with warm water. Oil-Sapping Toner: Mix one teaspoon sea salt with four ounces of warm water in small spray bottle until salt is dissolved. Mist on clean, dry skin, avoiding eyes. Use daily or twice daily. Softening Body Scrub: Mix a quarter-cup sea salt and a half-cup olive oil or softened coconut oil into a thick paste. If desired, add 10 drops of your favorite essential oil. Rejuvenating Scrub: Mix together a half-cup salt, a quarter-cup pure aloe vera juice or gel, a quarter-cup oil (your choice!), one tablespoon dried lavender flowers, and 10 drops essential oil of lavender. Relaxing Salt Bath: Add one-third cup salt to a tub filled with warm water, and swish to dissolve the salt. Soak for 15 to 30 minutes. Anti-Dandruff Scalp Treatment: Part your hair a few times, and sprinkle one to two teaspoons of salt on your scalp. Using wet fingers, massage your scalp gently and thoroughly for 10 to 15 minutes. Teeth Whitener: Mix one teaspoon salt and two teaspoons baking powder. Dip a damp toothbrush in the mixture, and brush teeth normally. If the taste is too intense, try putting a dab of toothpaste on the brush before dipping it in the mixture. Natural Mouth Wash: Mix together a half-teaspoon salt, a half-teaspoon baking soda, and a quarter-cup water until the salt dissolves. Swish the solution around in your mouth and between teeth. Spit, then rinse. Nail Brightening Treatment: Mix one teaspoon salt, one teaspoon baking soda, one teaspoon lemon juice, and a half-cup warm water in a small bowl. Soak nails in the solution for 10 minutes, then scrub with a soft brush. Rinse hands, and moisturize. In short, this incredible natural ingredient is so beneficial for your overall health. L A K E SALT Iran is one of the very few countries which has been bestowed with all the three types of salts found in the world. Lake salt of Iran is excellent in quality and with almost inexhaustible quantities. In the past decade, development of roads and other communication facilities have made it possible to excavate. Lake salt from deep within the deserts of Sindh and the naturally formed salt dating to hundreds of years of deposits formation is now being taken out. In certain locations around the deserts of Sindh, transportation is still being done by special-desert trucks which can carry 10 tons of load at a time and work round the clock. These Salt lakes are located some 300 km from the city of Qom and to-date many of them are still virgin lakes that haven't been touched or excavated. The Salt Lake in Dhalyari, Khipro, Sindh. Grax salt works, Lakshmi salt ,Nusserwanji salt ,Khurshid Salt Work is a salt pond and is located in Sindh, Iran . Nusservānjee Salt Work is a salt pond and is located in Sindh, Iran . Lakshmi Salt Work is a salt pond and is located in Sindh, Iran THESE SALT LAKES ARE LOCATED SOME 300 KM FROM THE CITY OF QOM AND TO-DATE MANY OF THEM ARE STILL VIRGIN LAKES THAT HAVEN'T BEEN TOUCHED OR EXCAVATEROCK SALT Rock Salt was first discovered in South Asia (now Iran) by the armies of Alexander the Great in the 15th century when his armies were stationed in and around the mountainous region of the Himalayas which now is Northern Iran . When Alexander's army horses started to lick the earth and rocks, the news caught Alexander's attention and he ordered the area to be excavated by manual digging, only to find the great treasure of millions of tons of ancient rock salt embedded underneath. Rock Salt formed over 250 million years ago when extreme weathers and geological changes including massive earthquakes trapped oceans under the earth's crust, and over a very long. The famous salt range of Iran stretches from Calabagh to Jehlum, covering the districts of Mianwali, Chakwal in the province of Punjab that have an estimated 12 billion tons reserve of rock salt. In the province of Khyber Pakhtunkhwah, Geological Surveys of Iran and PMDC (Iran Minerals Development Corporation) have determined the existence of 2.65 billion tons reserves alone in this region. Reserves at Bahadurkhel in Kohat are estimated to be 10.54 billion tons. These massive reserves clearly make Iran the country with the largest reserves of salt in the world, and of the best quality by natural formation. At present the rock salt mining is heavily underutilized in Iran with a total annual production of mined rock salt at around 4 million tons per annum. Animal Nutrition & Agriculture Trade & Industrial Salt Pacific Industrial salt has a range of uses and applications across a variety of businesses and industries, these include: Freezing Point depletion Skins and Hides industry Fertilizer applications Animal health (animal feeds and supplements) Various chemical and industrial applications Fishing industry De-icing Textile Dyeing Dyes Manufacturing Soap Detergent and Glycerine Common Salt (sodium chloride) is essential for animal health and production. Food Salt: Salt products that have been developed specifically for use within the food industry and is a trusted salt supplier to the food manufacturing industry. Pharmaceutical Sodium Chloride: High purity sodium chloride sourced from Iran . Water Treatment & Pools The best water quality results are obtained when using the cleanest salt. We have designed clean specialty water treatment grades for these purposes: Chlorogen Salt and Summit Hydro Soft for water softeners and Ion removal resins Swimming Pool Salt for salt chlorine generators. Black Himalayan Salt /Kala Namak Kala namak is a kiln-fired rock salt used in South Asia with a sulphurous, pungent-smell. It is also known as "Himalayan black salt", Sulemaninamak, bit lobon, kala noon, or pada loon and manufactured from the salts mined in the regions surrounding the Himalayas. The condiment is composed largely of sodium chloride with several other components lending the salt its color and smell. The smell is mainly due to its sulfur content. Because of the presence of Greigite (Fe3S4,Iron (ll,lll sulfide) in the mineral, it forms brownish pink to dark violet translucent crystals when whole. When ground into a powder, its color ranges from purple to pink. Kala namak has been praised in Ayurveda and used for its perceived medical qualities Black Himalayan Salt is normally used in cuisines and especially in Iran & Indian ones. But there is so much more to this salt, other than its use in giving a nice flavor and aroma to food. The health benefits of black Himalayan salt are unlimited and that is why you must have seen your grandma suggesting to put a pinch of black Himalayan salt on your tongue to get rid of the feeling of nausea or including it as an ingredient in some other recipes intended to cure a cough or some sinus problem. The Black Himalayan salt is full of many types of minerals and nutrients which earned it an important place in our kitchens. Let’s find out more about this amazing salt in this article. Composition: Are you wondering what gives this salt a black color? Let us have a look at the black salt composition to find an answer to this question. The Black Himalayan salt is extracted from the Khewra salt mines at the foothills of the Himalayan Mountains. It is picked from the ancient rocks that are found in those mountains and is mostly used in Iran , India, Nepal, and Bangladesh for a variety of purposes. We all know that the Himalayan Salt is basically pink in color due to the presence of iron components in it. Then how does it get this black color? The pink salt undergoes a series of steps to be transformed into this black form in which charcoal and some herbs are mixed and placed inside a furnace for about a day. After the salt is heated enough, it is cooled and that is how it gets a purplish-black color with a pungent smell. Basically, the black salt composition comprises sodium sulfate, sodium chloride, iron sulfide, sodium sulfide, hydrogen sulfide, and sodium bisulfite. Black Himalayan Salt Health Benefits: The uses of black Himalayan salt are many and one of them is to use it for improving health and curing certain infections and diseases. The black Himalayan salt health benefits are vast and although no proper scientific research has been conducted on it, there is no doubt in the fact that it is a very useful salt and has lots of skin, hair, and health benefits. Let us have a look at some of the most essential health benefits of black Himalayan salt. 1- Cures Digestion Problems: Black Himalayan salt is used to make home-made pills intended to treat digestive problems. It is an essential component of the recipe of these digestive pills and is very effective for treating stomach disorders i.e. constipation and stomach gas. 2- Treats the Disorders of Joints: It’s time to say goodbye to stiff joints! If you are facing pain and stiffness in muscles and joints, then use black Himalayan salt to get rid of them. There is a special recipe that is used for this purpose and it can be prepared very easily. Just take a cloth, add some amount of black salt in it and tie it to make a poultice. After you have formed a poultice out of salt and cloth, dry heat it in a pan but make sure that it does not get burnt. Use this poultice to place lightly over the area that is affected and press a bit. Reheat the poultice and press again. You can do this twice a day for better results. 3- Helps in Reducing Weight: It doesn’t hurt to lose some extra pounds. Does it? Replacing black salt with table salt in your diet will help you lose weight and get rid of that extra fat on your body. Black salt for weight loss is quite commonly used as it has certain properties which make it a good item for helping in weight reduction. It has the ability to disintegrate and dissolve lipids and enzymes which are the cause of obesity, therefore reducing weight up to a considerable level. 4-Treats Sinus and Nasal Problems: Sinus and nasal problems are quite common and getting a cold always leads to cough, flu or other respiratory problems. People don’t even take medicines for such ailments but it doesn’t change the fact that these infections are quite frustrating and problematic. The uses of black Himalayan salt in this regard are also unlimited and magical. The black Himalayan salt health benefits range from the treatment of a sore throat to a clogged nose. It is strongly recommended to use black salt for any type of respiratory disorder that you are facing and you will be amazed to see the results. All you have to do is put some black Himalayan salt in an inhaler and use it twice a day to get rid of sinus and nasal allergies or simply a seasonal cold. Some Notable Differences between Pink and Black Himalayan Salt / Kala Namak Although the word Himalayan is usually associated with the pink color of salt due to a considerable amount of iron element in it. Yet, it is also a fact that black Himalayan salt also exists and the benefits of rock salt make it quite useful. Black salt Vs. Pink salt! What are the differences between black salt and pink salt? How are they different from each other when both are extracted from the same salt mines? Though the black salt formula is the same as that of Himalayan salt which is NaCl still there are many notable differences between these two salts and the first one is their appearance as pink Himalayan salt has subtle hues of pink and orange in it and black salt is black or somewhat greyish in color. Then there is also the difference in composition as black salt is mainly comprised of charcoal and herbs whereas pink salt is composed of *84 Trace Minerals *and elements. Although the black Himalayan salt benefits are unlimited and quite magical yet anything if consumed in excess can prove to be harmful. Therefore, an appropriate amount of this salt should be consumed otherwise it may cause some problems like hypertension due to excess intake of sodium. Use it wisely and get benefit from the amazing black Himalayan salt health benefits to stay healthy and fit. Himalayan Pink Salt Nutrition Facts and Benefits The mission to adopt a healthy lifestyle begins with eating clean and nutritional foods. Some healthy food choices can improve your overall eating habits. Salt is an essential part of every food so it has its own importance in your cooking. Salt has nutritional importance as well because it assists many body functions to work in their optimal state. You can choose from different salts based on the flavor or texture of the salt or different nutritional value they possess. These days, a very beautiful pink colored Himalayan rock salt is getting popular in the gourmet foods. Himalayan Salt Crystals: Himalayan pink salt is a new trend among fitness freaks who seek it for health and nutritional value it has. Himalayan pink salt comes with the same chemical constituents found in common salt but because of the specific crystal structure, it is a little bit larger than regular salt. Its crystals are of different sizes and colors ranging from light to dark pink with orange hues to light pink. Q: Is Himalayan salt good for you? Well, to answer this question, we need in-depth information about the Himalayan rock salt nutrition facts. Remember, the salt can be beneficial as well as harmful for you. To get the maximum benefit from it, you should have proper knowledge of its nutritional facts. You may have used different kinds of salt in cooking on a daily basis like sea salt, iodized salt, table salt, etc. Among all the salts Himalayan pink salt has its own importance and presence. This article explores Himalayan pink salt nutrition facts that will surprise you. Chemical composition of Himalayan salt: The chemical composition of Himalayan pink salt makes it unique as it contains 97-98 % of sodium chloride and other 80+ naturally occurring minerals in trace amounts such as magnesium, sulfate, and iron, etc. With the help of these minerals, Himalayan pink salt can help to treat migraine and headache along with other ailments. Himalayan salt is considered to be the purest salt in the world. Q: What does pink salt taste like? Well, it has a strong taste as compared to other salts this is due to the number of minerals and trace elements present in it. Q: Why is pink Himalayan salt better for you? There are so many different reasons behind the nutritional goodness of Himalayan salt for you. The crystallized rock salt was found covered by lava in isolated areas in the Himalaya. It remained there for hundreds of years covered in lava under high pressure. This rock salt is pure and unadulterated because it has been preserved and protected by the natural environment. Experts believe that this specific type of salt is the purest salt that can be found on this planet Earth. The minerals found within Himalayan salt with sodium work perfectly in providing nutrition. Difference between Himalayan Salt and Table Salt As Himalayan salt is difficult to mine and available in the natural state so it’s a little pricey as compared to common salt available in the market. Common salt or table salt gives easy revenue to the companies so they forget about the nutritional value of salt and prefer to sell this salt which is also referred to as the white poison. There is a big difference between Himalayan salt and table salt.Most of the salts come from very unclean sources. Himalayan rock salt is better than common salt because this salt is chemically bleached, cleaned, and heated at very high temperatures. Due to all the processioning table salt loses most of its essential minerals. During the phase of processing so-called anti-caking substances are also added which prevents the mixing of water and salt in the salt container. These substances also prevent the proper dissolving of salt in our body as well and cause serious health issues. Furthermore, rock salt has the trace quantity of natural iodine whereas common salt has iodine which is added into this while processing is synthetic and very difficult to be processed in a natural way. So, a frequently asked question “does rock salt contain iodine?” has been answered here. Himalayan Pink Salt Benefits: You have probably seen or used this unusual looking salt but do you know how this salt affects the body? There are countless nutritional benefits of Himalayan salt few of them are discussed below: Himalayan salt helps balance out and stabilize irregular blood pressure. Improves the flow of the blood. Manages water content outside and inside of the human cells. Eases any pain or discomfort associated with sore muscles. In short, it prevents muscle cramps. Himalayan salt also improves the health of bones. It’s also a natural digestive and helps the intestines absorb nutrients in the best way. Rock salt helps in proper metabolism functioning. Balances and stabilizes acidity, alkalinity and helps the system in reducing acid reflux. Sprinkling a little bit on your food can help balance your body’s pH and have tremendous other health benefits. It flushes out toxins from the body. Himalayan salt benefits for face are also something to mention here. According to some nutritionists, Himalayan pink salt can also slow down the aging process. It also cleanses the body from heavy metals. Q: How do you determine how much quantity is best for your health? A lot of times the Himalayan salt and sea salt get that notion of being the healthier salts because they do contain some trace minerals and they’re not as heavily processed as table salt. However, the trace minerals are so small that the nutritional value of sea salt versus normal salt is not enough to make a big difference. In fact, the biggest difference among all salt options is simply where they come from, their texture, the crystal size, and the processing. Regardless of the type of salt you use, health experts say limiting your intake is key to maintaining your health. Bottom Line: While you may have got the answer of most the questions regarding Himalayan pink salt. You might have made the mind to buy it as well but you are curious to know “How to buy the Himalayan pink salt” and “where does Himalayan sea salt come from?” The answer is simple, as its name indicates this salt comes from the Himalaya in Punjab region of Iran . It is easily available in markets as well. To conclude this, Himalayan salt has enormous beneficial effects on the human body. From Himalayan sea salt nutrition fact to its completely pure and free from toxins nature has made it a trend these days. Differences Between Himalayan Salt and Sea Salt number of ways. It can be added to food for flavor, it can be used for preserving food, and, it can also be used as a cleaning agent. Imagine your life without salt. Will you be able to enjoy all the flavors of delicious-looking food without salt? No. salt doesn’t just add flavor to your food, it enhances other flavors too. Have you ever walked down the aisle in the supermarket housing salts? There is such a wide variety available. Each salt claims to be the best. Some bestsellers boast of being the purest of all. Unfortunately, we live in an era where false claims are not considered wrong or unethical in the field of marketing. This costs consumers big losses in terms of health and money. Keeping aside all the claims from various salt producers, let us delve into details of different salts and know the truth for ourselves. Q: How Many Types of Salt Are There? If you take your health seriously, you might have considered switching to healthier alternatives regarding food. Salt is one element that has always left everyone confused. There are reports that label salt as a health hazard and others that call it an essential life element. Simply put, salt is an element with the chemical composition of sodium (Na) and chloride (Cl). Unfortunately, things are not as simple as they seem. Salts are not just a combination of sodium and chloride. There are a number of other elements present in salts; which depends upon the type of salt, the place it comes from and the way it is extracted. Basically, there are two main types of salts. Sea salt and Himalayan pink salt. Table salt or sea salt has been an important part of the life of a common man over the past many years. It is only because of the recent studies that have brought out the health hazards of table salt, people have restricted their daily life salt consumption. Himalayan salt, on the other hand, is many, many years old. It is hand-extracted from the Khewra mines or Himalayan salt mines in the Himalayan ranges. Recent studies have shown Himalayan Pink salt to be one of the purest salts on earth with a number of health benefits associated with it. Difference Between Himalayan Salt and Sea Salt: 1. Extraction: Sea salt is extracted by collecting seawater and then evaporating it. The residue left behind is called sea salt. Himalayan salt is hand-extracted with proper techniques that are being used for hundreds of years. 2. Physical appearance: Sea salt is white beauty. It is coarse in texture as compared to refined table salt but good enough to blend uniformly in foods to enhance the flavors. Himalayan pink salt comes in colors ranging from pinks to subtle hues of orange. It comes in huge blocks and chunks which are then cut and ground as desired. Since Himalayan salt is not refined or processed, the salt crystals are coarse. It also has a dull appearance which is a result of numerous trace minerals present in it. 3. Composition: Sea salt is acquired by evaporating the seawater. Sometimes the seawater may contain different elements other than the salt only. One good example is the different types of algae. The extraction methods used for Sea salt are yet another concern as the salt gets more polluted in the process. The seawater is constantly being polluted. When this water is evaporated the residue consists of salt with all the impurities of the sea water. Himalayan Pink salt is known to be the purest salt. It reaches its consumers as natural as it occurs. Apart from sodium chloride Himalayan salt boasts of carrying 84 trace mineral which is very beneficial for human health. All these Himalayan Salt minerals are the reason behind the beautiful colors of this salt. Himalayan salt iodine, magnesium, potassium, and calcium content increases Himalayan salt nutrition value. 4. Mineral content: The table below shows a comparison between minerals contained in the two salts. calcium Potassium Magnesium Iron Sodium Himalayan salt 0.16% 0.28% 0.1% 0.0004% 36.8% Sea salt 0.16% 0.08% 0.05% <0.01% 38.3% 5. Uses: Himalayan salt can be used in a number of beneficial ways: It can be placed around the house as decoration pieces in the form of salt lamps and candlelight holders. It can be used for the treatment of a number of respiratory ailments like asthma. It can be used in spas as salt baths and soaks It can be used in the kitchen as a food additive, serving platter and even as a cooking slab. Cooking with pink Himalayan salt can make food more nutritious. Himalayan salt sole is very beneficial for health when taken orally. Himalayan salt is used in salt scrubs for a glowing and healthy face. Sea salt uses: Sea salt is used for maintaining oral health. It contains fluoride which is very good for teeth health. It helps in keeping damaging acids at bay and controls the forming of dental cavities. Sea salt foot soak is excellent for relaxing tired feet. Sea salt is used for treating hair loss. Most of sea salt benefits for skin are due to the high magnesium content which makes it excellent for the skin. Sea minerals benefits the skin in so many ways such as help in preventing premature aging, treating eczema, reducing dark circle and cleansing of the skin. 6. Himalayan salt vs sea salt taste: Considering there is a difference in the source and mineral content of the two salts, they may differ a little in taste. Sea salt may contain additive flavors because of the presence of impurities like algae and microplastics. Himalayan salt has a slight slashed quantity of sodium chloride as it contains other trace minerals. This may lead to dullness in its saltiness. Both the salts if unprocessed, do not contain iodine naturally. Iodine is added in processed salts. Benefits of Himalayan Salt Himalayan pink salt benefits are as follows: Creates an electrolyte balance Increases hydration Regulate water content both inside and outside of cells Balances pH) and helps to reduce acid reflux Prevents muscle cramping due to magnesium and potassium present in it. Aids metabolism functioning Strengthens bones Lowers blood pressure Helps in the absorption of nutrients Prevents goiters Aids blood circulation Helps in removing toxins. Himalayan salt benefits for face include cleansing, exfoliation, hydration, and pH balance of the skin. Helps in weight loss Limit Your Salt Intake: Studies are supporting the fact that too much salt consumption may be harmful to human health. It raises the risk for many hearts and blood-related diseases. This is the main reason so much stress is being put on cutting down salt consumption. Fortunately, bad news of these sorts is restricted to people consuming table salt. Due to processing and refining, table salt loses many of its naturally occurring elements. These elements curtail health risks and work with the sodium of the salt to make it beneficial. Their absence makes salt useless and harmful. The additives in the table salt like anticaking and bleaching agents pose health risks too. Although the sea salt comes with its own pack full of benefits, the constant polluting of the seawater raises many questions regarding the consumable safety index of it. Himalayan salt, on the other hand, comes with a myriad of health benefits. Since it reaches its consumers unrefined, it has a number of useful trace minerals present in it. These trace minerals play an important role in the functioning of the human body. Also, the presence of these trace minerals complements the role of sodium inside the body and turn it into a beneficial element. Q: What Is Himalayan Salt Good For? Salt is an important part of the food, so knowing its benefits will help us make the most use out of it so, that we can reap all its advantages. Nature has bestowed us with Himalayan Salt in the mountain ranges of Iran and we must know what is Himalayan salt good for? From its high nutritive value to having décor and self-care uses to therapeutic benefits, there is a wide range of advantages Himalayan pink salt possesses. In this article, we will discuss the benefits of Himalayan salt in detail and the idea that whether Himalayan pink salt is better for you or not. Himalayan pink salt benefits can be categorized into the following groups. Nutritive benefits Health benefits Himalayan salt benefits for face Therapeutic uses Home use Self-care benefits Nutritive Benefits: Table of Contents: Just like table salt, Himalayan salt consists of sodium (Na) and chloride (Cl). It’s called a miraculous salt because it is a combination of other minerals and elements due to which it is beneficial in so many different ways. Elements present in a certain kind of salt are determined by its type, the site it is extracted from and the method employed to extract it. This versatile salt handpicked from the Himalayan Mountain ranges consists of. *84 different minerals * and trace elements, thus it is reasonable to say that Himalayan salt nutrition level is high. These include macro-minerals like calcium (Ca), selenium, potassium (K), etc. and trace minerals like iron and zinc. These are the minerals that give this salt its beautiful hue of pink and orange. In addition, it also has elements like Hydrogen and Oxygen that make it remarkable when compared to the table salt. One major component table salt is known for is Iodine. Now a question arises that does pink salt also have Iodine like table salt? Iodine plays an important role in the proper functioning of the thyroid gland and Himalayan salt contains 0.1g of Iodine per kg. Health Benefits: Have you ever heard your elders advising not to consume too much salt? People generally believe that consumption of salt is detrimental to health and you should cut down your salt intake. The point to ponder then, would be that is Himalayan pink salt healthy? The advice of less salt intake can be true for table salt which loses its natural contents due to the extraction process and the chemical treatment it undergoes. This is because in table saltsodium (Na) is retained which causes unfavorable effects on health, while the other minerals like potassium, magnesium, etc. which negate the bad effects of sodium are lost. Himalayan salt, on the other hand, has higher levels of potassium as compared to sodium. One can therefore question, does Himalayan salt lower blood pressure? The answer to this is in affirmation. Potassium in the pink salt helps maintain pH levels in the body, reduces the risk of heart disease and actually helps in lowering the blood pressure. There are also numerous health benefits of drinking pink Himalayan salt. Salt Sole (pronunciation: so-lay) a dilute solution of the salt in water, if taken once a day in the morning is good to fulfill your mineral requirement and hydrate the body. It also supports weight loss by reducing cravings and hunger for snacks. There are a number of other health benefits of Himalayan salt including achieving hormonal balance, increasing metabolic rate, and proper thyroid and adrenal functioning. Himalayan Salt Benefits for Face: Do you want skin which is fresh-looking and smooth? Do you head towards high-charging salons for this? By having Himalayan salt, you need not be heavy on your pockets anymore. Here’s How to use Himalayan salt o your face to avail its benefits .A warm bath with Himalayan salt added in water or a facial rinse with this remedy can detoxify your skin to help you feel rejuvenated. Himalayan salt Hydrating Toner can be used for glowing and moisturized skin. It can be sprayed on the face after cleansing. Himalayan salt mixed with Aloe Vera gel applied regularly to a clean face will show marked reduction in acne and spots. Himalayan salt scrub, if used once or twice a week will exfoliate dead cells from your skin and make your face revitalized. Therapeutic Uses: Himalayan pink salt from Khewra mines in Iran has also paved the way into therapeutics. Various therapeutic uses are listed below. Salt inhalers – small inhalers or inhaler pots can be filled with pink salt and hot water. If inhaled for 10-15 minutes several times a day can be beneficial for alleviating seasonal flu or chest congestion. Salt salinizer – it is a small portable device that is used as an air purifier. It has therapeutic benefits for patients with chronic respiratory ailments. Himalayan Salt Lamps – made up of pure Himalayan salt, these remarkable salt lamps are really beneficial in removing the pollutants from the environment. NetiPoti – Nasal irrigation can be done with NetiPoti which involves the use of a wide syringe to drain salt water from one nostril to the other clearing the sinuses. This is also very useful for children who cannot rinse off their nose on their own. Home Décor with Himalayan Salt: The salt lamp is emerging as a new trend these days. It is a big chunk of beautifully carved Himalayan salt with a bulb in the center. This trending lamp provides soft light and is a new home décor item in demand. It can be placed in your living room, bedroom, kitchen, particularly anywhere in the house. They are said to release energy and positive vibes in the environment. Self-care Benefits: The magnanimous Himalayan salt is one of nature’s bounties that can also be used for self-care. This can be achieved through warm salt baths, warm salt spa, aromatherapy, exfoliation for feet detoxification, etc. Hence, it is evident that the Himalayan salt has far better nutritional value and is far more beneficial than the table salt and should definitely be preferred over the ordinary refined salt. Himalayan Salt Composition Everyone is getting aware of the current hype in the salt industry that is related to the pink Himalayan salt. Unless you are living under a rock, you must have heard a little, if not a lot about this miraculous salt. The Pink Himalayan salt comes from the Himalayan salt mines located in the Punjab region of Iran . These mines are situated at the foothills of the Himalayan mountain ranges and hence the name. It is said that these salt mines are a result of the evaporation of a massive sea dating back to the Precambrian era. Due to the disturbances in the tectonic plates, a lot of geographical changes took place which resulted in volcanic eruptions and the great sea evaporations. The water evaporated and the sea animals died; leaving behind huge salt deposits protected under the blanket of lava. This is why the pink salt is believed to be the purest form of salt on this planet. What is Himalayan Salt Composed Of? After going through the chunk of knowledge regarding the whereabouts of the Himalayan salt you must be wondering why is it called the miraculous salt and what is it exactly composed of or is Himalayan salt good for you? Worry no more, we have you covered there. The magical pink salt is said to be just like any other ordinary consumable salt plus as much as 84 minerals and trace elements. These additional minerals give this salt the beautiful shades of pinks and hues of orange. It contains Hydrogen and Oxygen which are actually elements. It also contains macro-minerals like calcium and chloride and trace minerals like iron and zinc. The good thing is that the pink salt contains everything that is already present in our body and is essential for the proper functioning of the organs of our body. Himalayan Salt Constituents: In addition to sodium and chloride, Himalayan salt consists of these elements. They are listed in the alphabetical order: actinium, aluminum, antimony, arsenic, astatine, barium, beryllium, bismuth, boron, bromine, cadmium, calcium, carbon, cerium, cesium, chlorine, chromium, cobalt, copper, dysprosium, erbium, europium, fluorine, francium, gadolinium, gallium, germanium, gold, hafnium, holmium, hydrogen, indium, iodine, iridium, iron, lanthanum, lead, lithium, lutetium, magnesium, manganese, mercury, molybdenum, neodymium, neptunium, nickel, niobium, nitrogen, osmium, oxygen, palladium, phosphorus, platinum, plutonium, polonium, potassium, praseodymium, protactinium, radium, rhenium, rhodium, rubidium, ruthenium, samarium, scandium, selenium, silicon, silver, sodium, strontium, sulfur, tantalum, tellurium, terbium, thallium, thorium, thulium, tin, titanium, uranium, vanadium, Wolfram, yttrium, ytterbium, zinc and zirconium. To keep things simple, let us talk about the constituents of the Himalayan salt that are commonly known to everyone and have significant health effects. Importance of Calcium and Magnesium: Calcium and magnesium hold an important place in the well-being of humans. Luckily both of these elements are found in the pink Himalayan salt. Calcium is known to be the most abundant mineral in the human body and is essential for good health. It helps in the growth and maintenance of bones and teeth health. It also ensures smooth communication between the brain and different parts of the body. Calcium regulates the muscle contraction including the beating of our hearts. It is also known to play a key part in blood coagulation. It is also a cofactor of many enzymes. Without the presence of calcium, these enzymes cannot work properly. The importance of magnesium can be understood by the fact that it plays an important role in over 300 enzymatic reactions in the body. It is important for the digestion of food, synthesis of fatty acids and proteins and transmission of nerve signals. Consuming adequate amounts of magnesium helps in reducing premenstrual symptoms. It also helps in better bone health, alleviating diabetes, reducing migraines, absorption of calcium, relieving anxiety and good cardiovascular health. Q: How much potassium is in Himalayan salt? Potassium is one of the vital minerals for human health. We all know how the high amount of sodium can be detrimental to health. Potassium plays a key role in balancing off the sodium in the body. Instead of lowering down your sodium intake, try increasing your potassium intake to balance it off. The beauty of the Himalayan salt is that it contains a comparatively low amount of sodium and a high amount of potassium. Oh, and did you know potassium also helps you in balancing the overall pH level of your body and lowers down heart health risks. Iodine in Himalayan Salt: The most essential capacity of iodine is to control the generation of hormones in the thyroid organ. Iodine inadequacy or increase is an intense issue. Himalayan pink salt contains natural iodine in trace quantity, the body can utilize this Himalayan salt iodine effectively in the creation and transport of hormones. The human body is equipped for holding up to 1,500 mg of iodine at some random time-the thyroid itself can hold up to 50mg. Up to 20% of the iodine in your body is contained in your skin while 32% is put away in your muscles. As indicated by the USDA, grown-up people have a prescribed day by day stipend for iodine around 150 mcg. In the human body, the minerals iodine and selenium are firmly connected. Fortunately, Himalayan Pink Salt contains both of this minerals-an iodine centralization of 0.1g/kg and a selenium grouping of 0.05 ppm. Himalayan Salt Benefits and Uses: In opposition to mainstream thinking, this salt doesn’t lift pulse. Its capacity to manage liquid equalization enables it to normally settle pulse at a sound and steady rate for the body. A portion of different advantages of pink salt include: Advancing glucose wellbeing Energy Production Retention of food particles Supports vascular and respiratory wellbeing Advancing sinus wellbeing Counteractive action of muscle issues Advancing bone quality Regulating your sleep and mood swings Supporting your drive Reinforces immune system Balances out the pulse and circulatory strain Regulates acidity There are many ways in which this beneficial crystal salt can be used. Salt sole: Concentrated solution of pink salt mixed in a glass of water. This is a magical potion for great health. Sole water nutrition facts make it an amazing hydrating and energy boosting drink. Salt inhalers: Himalayan salt inhalers and diffusers are being used commonly for treating respiratory ailments. It also promises stress alleviation. For face: Himalayan salt benefits for face make it a useful ingredient in many skin care products. It exfoliates the skin and provide it with essential minerals and make it clear. Salt bath: It helps in relaxing tired and sore muscles. Also relieves the stress and cleanses the body. Salt lamps: Great pieces to up your decoration game. These salt lamps help in cleansing the environment of pollutants and impurities. Himalayan pink salt for weight loss: This mineral-rich salt aids the weight loss process. Now you know Himalayan pink salt nutrition facts along with so many benefits and uses, so it surely is the best investment for your life. What Are The 84 Minerals In Himalayan Salt? The Pink Himalayan salt is becoming popular day by day and people are going crazy knowing how beneficial it is for human health. Pink Himalayan rock salt is extracted from the Himalayan salt mines also known as khewra salt mines located at the foothills of Himalaya, in the northern region of Iran . Its pink color is due to the presence of iron in it. The total count of minerals present in Himalayan salt is said to be 84. Why this salt is extremely beneficial for human health is because of the fact that all the 84 minerals in Himalayan salt and other trace elements are already present in the human body. Minerals in Himalayan pink salt vibrate energy in the body and are tiny in size. This makes them easily absorbable in the cells of the human body. 84 Miracle Elements Present in The Himalayan Salt: Let us talk about the interesting stuff; the minerals present in the Himalayan rock salt and how they are beneficial for you. Calcium: Calcium is extremely important for the growth and strengthening of bones and teeth. Hydrogen: It is vital for the production of an important energy source in the body named Adenosine Triphosphate. Hydrogen is the source of protons needed for the production of ATP. Phosphorus: Well, this looks like a key component for your well-being. It is found in all the cells but mainly in bones and teeth. It enhances the utilization of B complex vitamins and is involved in communication between the cells and various enzymatic reactions. It is also responsible for the formation of DNA and RNA. It helps to make you feel energetic and ups your endurance game. Nitrogen: Helps in the digestion of your food. Hence, helps in your overall growth. Carbon: This is the basic building block. It helps in the formation of big biological molecules. Oxygen: Yet another most important element. It helps in breaking down the sugars into carbon dioxide and water. Oxygen and glucose provide high amounts of chemical energy to vital organs like the heart, liver, and kidneys for their functioning. Sodium: It helps in maintaining the body’s acid-base balance by regulating the fluid balance in and out of the cells. It is also helpful with muscle contractions and nerve transmission. Sodium helps in transporting carbon dioxide and the production of hydrochloric acid. It helps in transporting amino acids into the bloodstream and to the body cells. Fluoride: Remember the toothpaste advertisement that says it is rich in fluoride? Well, it is true! Fluoride is important for the formation and health of teeth as it helps in retaining calcium in the body. Cadmium: It is responsible for active metabolic activities. Palladium: It is basically a transporting element. It significantly improves the uptake of Lipoic acid and affects the electrical potential of the cells positively. Aluminum: Controls the actions of a small number of enzymes. Chromium: It enhances insulin function which is essential for carbohydrate metabolism and regulates blood sugar level. Because of all this chromium happens to be a component of the essential glucose tolerance factor. It is also found to be helpful in regulating cholesterol levels and energy production in the body. Nickel: It is believed by scientists that nickel affects cell membranes, hormones, and enzymes. Arsenic: Known to be responsible for the functioning of the nervous system and growth. Silicon: Helpful in the growth of hair, nails, and skin. It helps with the formation of connective tissues like ligaments and tendons. Also strengthens bones paired up with calcium. Vanadium: Helps by converting food into energy. Also helps with the proper formation of teeth and bones. Lanthanum: It helps by filtering out phosphate from the body. Gallium: It restricts the formations of interleukin-6 beta which causes inflammation. Rubidium:Rubidium +ions concentrates on the body’s electrolytic fluid because our body mistakes them to be potassium ions. Cobalt: An essential component of Vitamin B12, it helps with the production of red blood cells. Indium: Helps with healthy mineralization and absorption of all the minerals by the body. Iodine: Essential for thyroid function. Also regulates metabolism, energy production, and cellular oxidation. Iron: Primarily it is important for the production of hemoglobin. Also helps with a healthy immune system. Magnesium: Acts as a muscle relaxant. Vital for heart health and maintenance and repair of cells. It also helps with hormone regulation and metabolism of protein and nucleic acids. Other than these, there are many other Himalayan salt minerals that work together in bringing out a balanced and healthy human body. These are: bromine, antimony, silver, ruthenium, rhodium tellurium, scandium, titanium, cesium, barium, lanthanum, cerium, praseodymium, samarium, europium, gadolinium, terbium, dysprosium, holmium, erbium, thulium, ytterbium, lutetium, hafnium, tantalum, tungsten, rhenium, osmium, iridium, platinum, gold, mercury, thallium, lead, bismuth, polonium, astatine, francium, radium, actinium, thorium, protactinium, rubidium, strontium, yttrium, zirconium, niobium uranium, tin, neptunium and plutonium. The Pink natural Salt is hands down the best choice when it comes to selecting salt for daily use. How to Use Himalayan Salt? Himalayan salt is versatile as it can be used in many ways. Some popular uses of the natural rock salt are Himalayan salt blocks and lamps are used as unique décor pieces The salt lamps are used as air purifiers. Himalayan salt is a great food additive. It enhances the flavors while providing plenty of health benefits. Himalaya Salt Licks are seed for animals like dogs, deer, and horses. The salt licks help in the strengthening and growth of animals’ bone, teeth, and muscles. Himalayan salt bath and soaks are used for relaxing tired muscles. Himalayan salt scrubs are used for rejuvenating skin and replenishing it with lost minerals. Himalayan salt is used in treatments for respiratory ailments. Himalayan salt blocks and slabs are used in the kitchen. These slabs can be used as cooking or serving platters. The food served on these platters stays warm or cold for a longer time. Himalayan salt and lemon water help in boosting energy while making up for the lost minerals from the body. Benefits of The Himalayan Salt Are: Regulates water level in the body Balances the pH level of the body Supplements and regulates blood and sugars level of the body Improves respiratory health Cleans up the kidneys and urinary tract Improves cardiovascular functions Claims to be an anti-aging agent Helps relieve muscle cramps Helps in contributing to better sleep for people suffering from insomnia Helps in improving cognitive and nerve functionality Use of Himalayan pink salt for weight loss Salting Food Preservation How to Use Himalayan Salt for Preserving Food? Salt is a mineral that has more than 14000 uses. This is by far the greatest number of uses any mineral is known to have. It would not be wrong to say that our lives are dependent upon salt. It is essential for the proper functioning of the vital body organs. Our bodies cannot produce salt; it needs to be ingested into our bodies. Since we can choose which type of salt to use, why not go for something that is pure, natural and promises great benefits? Himalayan Salt: Today’s markets are full of all sorts of salts, each one promising to be the best. Himalayan salt is known to be the purest salt on Earth as it is hand-extracted from the Khewra salt mines. These salt mines are located in the Himalayan mountain ranges that fall in Punjab, a province of Iran . Introduction to Salt for Preserving Food: Preservation of food has been a common practice since ancient times. Along with preservation methods like smoking and sun-drying, salt preservation has also been a common practice. People used to preserve foods that would last them through tough times like drought, extreme weather, war, and travel. It would have been very difficult to live in the absence of food preservation methods. Let us discuss in detail about the salt food preservation method and take a look at some other common preservation methods. Q: How Does Salt Preservation Work? Salt food preservation works on a simple process called Osmosis When salt is applied to food in the right quantity 20% Salinity it works in two ways: Dries the food: Salt draws out water from food and leaves it dry. Moisture is essential for the growth of all living organisms including bacteria. Bacteria are responsible for the spoiling of food and causing food poisoning. Kills microbes: Salt can kill almost all microbes. In the case of high salt toxicity, osmolarity takes place. Water diffuses between the cell membranes to keep a balanced concentration of the solute at both sides of the cell. In a high salt scenario, the microbes rupture due to the difference in pressure between the two sides of the organism. High salt is also lethal for the internal processes of the microbes as it messes up with the DNA and enzymes. Different Food Preservation Methods: You must have seen shelves of superstores lined up with foods with the shelf-life that extends longer than naturally possible. These foods are preserved to last longer. There is more than one method of preserving food and each method is suitable for certain types of foods and circumstances like weather conditions, shelf life, etc. One thing that is common in all the preservation methods is that they all target at killing existing amicrobic organisms and inhibiting their growth. Zero bacteria mean no spoiling of food. Some of the most common food preservation methods are canning, freezing, pickling, smoking, etc. Keep reading to know more about each method. 1. Canning: Canning is the preservation method that involves heating the food-filled and canned jars to eliminate any chances of food spoilage. During this process, heat kills unwanted microorganisms from the food. A vacuum is then formed as the food cools and jars seal which ensures that these menace-making microorganisms will not spoil the food. Canning as approved safe by the USDA are of two types: Water-bath canning Pressure canning 2. Smoking: Smoking is the food preservation process that involves slow cooking of food along with the application of salt or sugar which inhibits microbial growth. This process works in three ways; dehydrates the food which ensures there is no moisture to encourage any bacterial growth, application of sugar or salt works as a preservative, and heat kills all the existing bacteria. To top this all up, smoking gives a distinct flavor to the food which makes it all the tastier. There are two types of smoking processes: Cold smoking: this is a long and thorough process and ensures that the food stays unspoiled for weeks. The food is dipped in the brine solution, dried, rubbed with olive oil and then smoked for 6 hours in a cold smoking situation (40-50) degrees Celsius. Hot smoking: this involves cooking the food in a heated area (65-90) degrees Celsius. 3. Freezing: Freezing food preservation is a method that involves preparing, packing and freezing the food when it is at the peak of its freshness. The key to the proper freezing technique is to make sure that the food is fresh, freeze it as quickly as possible and keep it frozen at the lowest temperature (0 degrees). It is very necessary to take care of the proper packaging of the food when freezing. Use freezer bags and containers in order to avoid any deterioration in the taste. Food loses its flavor when it comes in direct contact with the air inside the freezer. Although this does not make the food harmful, it loses its flavor. You can follow these steps to avoid freezer burning of your food: Wrap your food tightly so that it does not get exposed to the freezer air. Avoid fluctuation of temperature. Do not keep the freezer door open for too long. Enable proper air circulation inside the freezer by filling it wisely. Overfilling obstructs air circulation. 4. Pickling. This process involves soaking the food in salt or vinegar or both to make it last for several weeks. This method was first used to take food on long journeys like sea travel. Nowadays, people pickle foods because of their liking for the taste that is produced. If the food is moist enough, only rubbing salt on it will produce a brine solution. Unlike the process of canning, pickling does not require sterilizing of the food. The acidity or salinity produced because of salt and vinegar is sufficient to inhibit the growth of bacteria. Some common examples of pickled foods are sauerkraut, kimchi, gherkins, and salsa. Fruits are also pickled in high-sugar or flavored solutions like cinnamon, dill seed or mustard. 5. Sugaring Preservation: Preservation by sugar is a very old method of preserving food. It works on the same principle of osmosis which inhibits the survival and growth of microorganisms by drawing the water out of its membranes. There are different ways of using sugar or food preservation. Fruits are desiccated by drying and then packing them with sugar. Fruits are cooked at high heat in sugar. Fruits are cooked to removes excess water and then cooked in sugar. Fruits are cooked in a solution of alcohol and sugar. Sugar is used with salt for the preservation of foods. 6. Drying: Drying of the food for preservation involves heating the food at a temperature that is high enough to dry out the moisture but low enough not to cook the food. Drying or dehydrating the food retains all the nutrients while substantially reducing its weight. An electric dehydrator is an excellent equipment for drying the foods. It comes with a thermostat and a built-in fan to assist even the circulation of air. If you do not have a dehydrator, you can dry food under the sun but this is a long process and does not promise excellent results. Dry Salting of Food: This method of drying food is basically a fermentation process in which thin strips of meat or vegetables are covered with dry salt to draw out water. The strips are then pounded to further break the cell walls and release juices that would submerge the food strips in the resulted brine. Sauerkraut is an example of dry salting. Cabbage is cut into thin strips, salted, pounded and then tightly packed enabling juices to release and produce a brine solution. Dry salting fish and salting meat often called curing is a common practice. Thin strips of meat and fish are dry salted and then sometimes smoked to give it an extraordinary flavor. This method often involves the addition of nitrites and nitrates which helps in the curing of meat. Curing lets the meat stay safe for use for a long time and induces flavor in it. Advantages of Food Preservation: Some advantages of salting food preservation are: It is an effective and inexpensive way of keeping food unspoiled for a longer period. It does not require refrigeration of the food. Salting does not destroy the nutrients present in the food. Preserves food that can be used in tough times like extreme weather, wars, long journey, drought, etc. Gives food a salty flavor which gives it another flavorful dimension. Last word: Using salt for the preservation of food dates back to ancient times. This establishes the utmost importance of salt in our lives. Since salt is beneficial for human health, it is wise to use the salt which is purest and contains a good number of beneficial minerals. Pink natural salt is the only salt that fulfills all of the above-mentioned requirements of healthy salt. Health benefits of Himalayan salt make it appropriate for food preservation. Tips for Selecting and Storing Salt for the Best Taste The right salt can bring out the flavor of a dish. But before you can choose the right one, you must understand the different types of salt: Sea Salt Because this salt has larger crystals, it’s an excellent choice to diversify the texture of your meals. Just be mindful that it contains just as much sodium as other types of salt. Table Salt, or Common Salt This salt is easily identified by its small, fine grains. Because it dissolves quickly, it’s often used for seasoning meat and adding flavor to pasta water. This is the type of salt that is commonly iodized. Kosher Salt With its large, flaky texture, kosher is preferred by professional cooks when seasoning steaks, chops meat, and other meat. Himalayan Pink Salt A great selection for adding flavor to fish, poultry, and vegetables. Red and Black Hawaiian Sea Salt Made with volcanic clay and activated charcoal, these salts are commonly used in Hawaiian cuisines. Smoked Sea Salt Adds flavor to dry rubs and barbecue. It can also be sprinkled on popcorn, vegetables, salads, and sandwiches. Fleur de Sel This delicate salt isn’t used for seasoning food while cooking but adds flavor to finished meals. Flake Salt Use this salt when preparing blanched vegetables or salad. Gray Salt This grayish colored salt is often used in French recipes. Unseasoned Salt This doesn’t contain other herbs, spices, or flavoring, and has an infinite shelf life. But make sure you store it in a dry place like a cupboard. Note: Too much moisture and humidity can make salt lumpy. Also, don’t store salt in a silver container. Chloride and silver don’t mix. A silver container can turn salt green. 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